Diagnosis & Prevalence

Prevalence of autism is estimated at 1 in 59 births nationwide and 1-71 in Arizona.1
Autism is the fastest-growing developmental disability.2 From 1997-2008, the prevalence of autism increased by 289.5%.3
Autism can be diagnosed as early as 18 months and with certainty by 2 years.1
The only people who can make a diagnosis are developmental pediatricians, neurologists, psychologists, and psychiatrists.4
9.4% of adult children (between ages 18-22) with autism receive disability benefits.5
1% to 2% of world has an autism spectrum disorder.1 with over 3.5 million in the United States.7
Autism spectrum disorders are 4 times more common for boys than girls.1

Financial

The cost of lifelong care can be reduced by 2/3 with early diagnosis and intervention.6
The cost of autism over the lifespan is around 3.2 million dollars.10
The cost of autism over the lifespan is about $2.4 million for those with intellectual disability and about $1.4 million without intellectual disability.8
The annual cost of supporting children with autism in the United States is nearly $61 billion.9
The annual cost of supporting adults with autism in the United States, is nearly 3 times that of children at nearly $175 billion.9
Only 56% of students with autism finish high school.10

Education and Work

The average per-pupil expenditure for educating a child with autism was estimated by SEEP to be over $18,000 in the 1999-2000 school year. This estimate was nearly three times the expenditure for a typical regular education student who did not receive special education services.11
The unemployment rates for people with autism are estimated to be 90%, compared with 9% for people without a disability.10

References

(1) Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, April 26). Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html

(2). National Autism Association. (n.d.). Autism Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://nationalautismassociation.org/resources/autism-fact-sheet/

(3) CDC. (2015, February 12). Developmental Disabilities. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/developmentaldisabilities/features/birthdefects-dd-keyfindings.html

(4) CDC. (2018, May 03). Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/facts.html

(5) Social Security Administration. (2016). Retrieved from https://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/di_asr/2016/sect03b.html

(6) Järbrink, K. (2007). The economic consequences of autistic spectrum disorder among children in a Swedish municipality. Autism, 11(5), 453-463. doi:10.1177/1362361307079602

(7) Autism Speaks. (2014, June 09). Lifetime Costs of Autism Average $1.4 Million to $2.4 Million. Retrieved from https://www.autismspeaks.org/science/science-news/lifetime-costs-autism-average-millions

(8) Autism Speaks. (2014, June 09). Lifetime Costs of Autism Average $1.4 Million to $2.4 Million. Retrieved from https://www.autismspeaks.org/science/science-news/lifetime-costs-autism-average-millions

(9) Autism Speaks. (2014, June 09). Lifetime Costs of Autism Average $1.4 Million to $2.4 Million. Retrieved from https://www.autismspeaks.org/science/science-news/lifetime-costs-autism-average-millions

(10) Autism Society. (2014). What is Autism [PDF]. Bethesda, MD: Autism Society. Retrieved from https://www.autism-society.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/What_is_Autism_Final.pdf

(11) Office, U. G. (2005, February 14). Special Education: Children With Autism. Retrieved from https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-05-220